Fourth-Quarter GDP Final Estimate Hits 2.9%,Tops Consensus

The third estimate of fourth-quarter GDP is 2.9%, up 0.4 percentage points from the second estimate.

The BEA revised its Fourth-Quarter 2017 GDP estimate to 2.9%, topping the consensus estimate of 2.7%.

Rick Davis at the Consumer Metrics Institute provides this summary.

  • The boost in the headline number resulted from upward revisions to contributions from consumer spending (+0.17%) and inventories (also a +0.17% increase, as a result of reportedly slower inventory contractions). No other line items changed materially.
  • The BEA's "bottom line" for the quarter (their "Real Final Sales of Domestic Product", which excludes inventories) increased to +3.41%, up +0.18% from the previous estimate and +1.04% from the prior quarter.
  • Real annualized household disposable income decreased -$2 per year from the previous report to $39,223 (in 2009 dollars). The household savings rate deteriorated to 2.6%, lower than the level recorded in third quarter of 2007 -- at the onset of the "Great Recession."
  • For this revision the BEA assumed an effective annualized deflator of 2.35%. During the same quarter (October 2017 through December 2017) the inflation recorded by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in their CPI-U index was a very similar but slightly higher 2.49%. Under estimating inflation results in optimistic growth rates, and if the BEA's "nominal" data was deflated using CPI-U inflation information the headline growth number would have been slightly lower at a +2.82% annualized growth rate.

What Happened?

Hurricane spending undoubtedly boosted fourth-quarter GDP, and consumers had to tap into saving to buy.

Retail sales have not been good so far in 2018 so expect a snapback in the first quarter.

The GDPNOw Real Final Sales estimates for the first quarter sit at 1.1%.

Mike "Mish" Shedlock

Comments (4)
No. 1-4

"Retail sales have not been good so far in 2018 so expect a snapback in the first quarter. " The numbers you posted earlier showed January 2018 Sales up about 4% over January 2017, and February 2018 sales up about 4% over February 2017. I don't see that as particularly weak. (I say "about" because your numbers gives sales increases on a category by category basis, but don't give an overall number).


more green shoots


Listen buster, it happens to be a nascent recovery which is building up to escape velocity. Things should take off any day now!

Or not.


propaganda ministry will never allow a negative gdp print (ever)longest ever "recovery" in history (forever n forever)or should i say permanent never ending "recovery",permanent positive gdp "rate",ministry of truth and gov't in DC ,like china and the old soviet union that GDP will never go below 2% (ever)