Housing Slump Accelerates

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Starts and permits both came in well below consensus estimates, with revisions negative.

Lower mortgage rates have not helped new home construction. Both starts and permits are not only well below the Econoday consensus range, but also lower than the lowest estimates.

Housing Starts 2019-04B

Housing starts came in far below expectations in March, at a 1.139 million annual rate which is nearly 30,000 below Econoday's consensus range. And permits aren't any better, at a 1.269 million rate and nearly 20,000 below the low estimate.  

The trend is clearly downward with starts the weakest since May 2017 and permits the weakest since August last year. Year-on-year rates are minus 14.2 percent for starts and minus 7.8 percent for permits. Goods news in the report is scarce but does include a welcome 11.9 percent monthly jump in single-family completions at a 938,000 rate for a new home sales market that needs fresh supply. 

But another key reading, permits for single-family homes, fell 1.1 percent in March and are down 5.1 percent year-on-year. Low mortgage rates may be helping purchase applications but have yet to trigger much response from home builders. 

However strong the jobs market may be, residential investment was the consistent tail ender in last year's GPD statistics and doesn't look like it will be improving in the first quarter. Regional data show a March uptick for starts and permits in the West, where home prices have completely flattened, though year-on-year rates here remain deeply negative. All regions in fact are in the negative year-on-year columns whether for starts or permits.

New Residential Construction

Let's tune into the New Residential Construction report for more details.

  • Privately‐owned housing units authorized by building permits in March were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,269,000. This is 1.7 percent below the revised February rate of 1,291,000 and is 7.8 percent below the March 2018 rate of 1,377,000. 
  • This is 1.7 percent below the revised February rate of 1,291,000 and is 7.8 percent below the March 2018 rate of 1,377,000. 
  • Single‐family authorizations in March were at a rate of 808,000; this is 1.1 percent below the revised February figure of 817,000. Authorizations of units in buildings with five units or more were at a rate of 425,000 in March. 

Housing Starts 

  • Privately‐owned housing starts in March were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,139,000. This is 0.3 percent below the revised February estimate of 1,142,000 and is 14.2 percent below the March 2018 rate of 1,327,000. 
  • Single‐family housing starts in March were at a rate of 785,000; this is 0.4 percent below the revised February figure of 788,000. The March rate for units in buildings with five units or more was 337,000. 

Housing Completions 

  • Privately‐owned housing completions in March were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,313,000. 
  • This is 1.9 percent below the revised February estimate of 1,338,000, but is 6.8 percent  above the March 2018 rate of 1,229,000. 
  • Single‐family housing completions in March were at a rate of 938,000; this is 11.9 percent above the revised February rate of 838,000. The March rate for units in buildings with five units or more was 364,000.

Starts, Permits, Completions 

Housing Starts 2019-04C

Synopsis

  • Compared to a year ago, starts are down 14.2%, permits are down 7.8%, and completions are up 6.8%. 
  • Compared to February, starts are down 0.3%, permits are down 1.7%, and completions are up1.9% 

Numbers are volatile, but the data strongly suggests that builders are finishing homes at close to the peak rate, but not starting new ones.

Mike "Mish" Shedlock

Comments (19)
No. 1-5
Carl_R
Carl_R

How will the larger standard deduction affect housing decisions? Will fewer people choose to rent since they may not get much tax benefit from home mortgage interest? Meanwhile, if they rent, the landlord can deduct the interest as an expense, and in an efficient market, that will pass through.

2banana
2banana

Rising interest rates + new tax laws + QE unwind + Mel Watt retiring = end of the housing bubble v2.0

KnotchoLibre
KnotchoLibre

Look at the permits for condominiums. Anecdotally I see no building projects for houses but many large scale projects, on par with 2006 activity, for condominiums.

This might be the new direction for housing. Single homes are no longer affordable.

Realist
Realist

Hopefully, people will stop building homes on the southern coast of Florida. That would be a waste of money in the long run as sea level rise and storm surges make that area unliveable.

Six000mileyear
Six000mileyear

My neighbor is a real estate agent and advertised all winter in the local magazine. The April edition arrived today and her ad was not listed. It's unusual not to advertise at the start of the real estate season.