Musk's "Funding Secured" May Constitute Securities Fraud

Yesterday, Elon Musk Tweeted that he would take Tesla private and "funding was secured". If false, he may be in trouble.

"Funding Secured" is a material statement that can affect stock prices. It better be true.

The New York Times asks Did Elon Musk Violate Securities Laws With Tweet About Taking Tesla Private?

Mr. Musk’s audacious offer to take private Tesla, the innovative auto company he founded and leads as chairman and chief executive, will surely go down as one of the most unorthodox takeover bids ever.

At two sentences and just 53 characters — “Am considering taking Tesla private at $420. Funding secured.” — it was probably the shortest offer ever. (General Motors’ prospectus in 2010 was over 230 pages.)

Mr. Musk offered no basis for the $420 offering price, which would ordinarily be arrived at after reams of analysis by investment bankers and negotiations with a committee of independent Tesla directors.

It was Mr. Musk’s “funding secured” statement on Twitter that may put the iconoclastic founder most at risk. He provided no details about how much funding had been secured, from whom or under what conditions. His email to employees did not mention anything about the funding.

“That’s a clear factual statement,” said John C. Coffee Jr., a professor at Columbia Law School who specializes in corporate law and securities fraud. “If it’s not fully secure, that’s potentially a very material misrepresentation, and a very straightforward violation of Rule 10b-5” of the securities law — in short, securities fraud.

It is illegal for a director or officer of a public company “to knowingly or recklessly make material misstatements about that company,” said John Coates, a professor at Harvard Law School who teaches mergers and acquisitions. Mr. Musk’s “tweets seem cryptic at best, and it is hard to see how he has complied with his duty to not be misleadingly incomplete.”

Even at a time when Twitter is the preferred medium for presidential communiqués, this is no way to commence a takeover bid. “It’s crazy,” Professor Coates said. “If I assigned this scenario to my students, the list of legal issues would fill many pages.”

For one thing, it is doubtful that a private Twitter account provides adequate notice for a public announcement of a $72 billion deal that is likely to move a stock’s price. (By the end of the day, Tesla shares had shot up over 10 percent.)

Mr. Musk has also put the company itself in an awkward situation. “If I were their lawyer, I’d tell them to have an 8-K filing at the S.E.C. the first thing in the morning,” Professor Coates said, referring to a regulatory filing used to disseminate information that may be important to shareholders. “It needs to explain if this was a joke or a mistake, and if not, what he really meant.”

Largest LBO in History

Bloomberg discusses the math in Musk Mulls Taking Tesla Private, Valuing Company at $82 Billion.

At $420 a share, Tesla would have an enterprise value of about $82 billion including debt. To take it private, the billionaire would have to pull off the largest leveraged buyout in history, surpassing Texas electric utility TXU’s in 2007.

The buyout is “highly unlikely,” said Joel Levington, analyst at Bloomberg Intelligence. “Funding $50 billion plus for a negative free cash flow business would be difficult, if not extraordinary.”

Yesterday, I wrote Private Lies: Musk Tweets He Will Take Tesla Private.

He better be able to prove his statements, and soon.

Mike "Mish' Shedlock

Comments (21)
No. 1-12

Those Tesla shareholders that will want to participate in private Tesla won't need to be bought out at $420. Including Musk himself who owns ~20% and is not selling.

So in reality less than $72B will be needed of the whole secured amount.


MUSK is trainwrecking TESLA. Model S is a great car-the Model 3 is dragging the reputation down. A total mediocre POS. The board should hoist him out of the tent and throw him on the street. The company needs some severe adult leadership to get them through this rocky fundraising coming up


Musk is also trying the nuke the shorts-spreading information to create a margin call. He is probably in big trouble


As I'm no lawyer, I can't speak for how securities law is interpreted; but I'm personally sad that off the cuff remarks on Twitter isn't literally protected by free speech; no matter who is making them. It's simply pointlessly restrictive if people, including Musk, isn't allowed to "think loudly" about things that concern him, without him doing so being construed to be formal communiques about intended serious actions.

Kind of like interpreting every utterance by someone of: "I'm gonna kill that MF'er" as a serious death threat.

Most of what people, at least those not unusually dour, say, is just casual banter. Ditto catchy Twitter punchlines. It isn't that hard to differentiate between a hipfired tweet, and a serious communique.